Urinalysis is a test that can be performed in the clinic, or sent to a laboratory for analysis. Results of this test can tell your veterinarian many things regarding your dog’s health. For example, if your dog is experiencing normal concentration, shows any abnormalities such as bacteria, blood or glucose content. This can help with the diagnosis of your pet’s illness.
Why are fecal examinations required yearly?
Fecal material is examined both grossly and microscopically. Gross examination of feces involves looking at the texture, colour, or presence of blood or adult worms. Microscopic examination allows us to see eggs of internal parasites (roundworms, tapeworms, protozoan parasites etc.). It is possible for dogs to carry these parasites without any clinical signs. It is especially important to run this test when there are clinical signs (diarrhea, bloated stomach), which can rule out parasites as being the cause. Unfortunately, due to the life cycle of some parasites, we can miss seeing evidence of them on fecal analysis. We strongly recommend regular deworming as a preventative for this reason, especially if your dog’s lifestyle puts them at a higher risk.
If my dog’s urine test reveals a urinary tract infection, what can I do?
Your veterinarian will prescribe your dog an antibiotic in the event a urinary tract infection is diagnosed. After the medication is finished, it is important to have the urine retested to ensure that the infection has completely cleared up. A longer course of antibiotics may be needed if it hasn’t.